A new governing body working under India’s Ministry of Home Affairs, Department of Border Management, has officially been established as of 1 March, 2012. The Land Ports Authority of India (LPAI) will be charged with facilitating planning, construction, maintenance and management of Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) along international borders.
According to a Home Ministry statement, “The LPAI has been tasked with the responsibility of putting in place systems which address security imperatives relating to the cross border movement of passengers, vehicles and goods as also developing Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) at designated points along the international borders of India. In the first phase seven ICPs are proposed to be set up, of which five are under construction.”
The Integrated Check Posts are envisioned to provide effective and efficient processing of sovereign functions such as security, immigration, customs and quarantine, while also providing support facilities for smooth cross-border movement of people, goods and transport.
Locations slated for ICPs are:
Attari (Punjab- opening soon)
Jogbani and Raxaul (Bihar)
Petrapole, Hili, and Chandrabangha (West Bengal)
Sunauli and Rupaidiha (Uttar Pradesh)